Full Lesson HERE
INTRODUCTION. Today there are monuments and memorials to honor famous people, historical places, and special events such as the Washington monument in Washington, D.C., the Alamo in San Antonio, Texas, and the 4th of July. On the night Jesus was betrayed, He instituted the Lord's Supper as a memorial to his death which He was about to suffer.
Prior to the betrayal in the Garden of Gethsemane by Judas Iscariot, Jesus and his disciples celebrated the Passover feast. Following the Passover meal, Jesus and his disciples partook of the Lord's Supper. The Passover feast commemorated the time the Lord passed over the houses of the Hebrews when he slew the firstborn of Egypt, and the subsequent deliverance of Israel from Egyptian bondage. In a like manner, the Lord's Supper commemorates Jesus' death and our deliverance from the bondage of sin. At the first Passover celebration in Egypt, the children of Israel were saved by sprinkling the blood of the lamb that was slain on their door posts and lintel (Ex. 12:7). We are saved by the blood of the Lamb of God, who was slain as our Passover (I Cor. 5:7).
For the memorial to his death (the Lord's Supper), Jesus passed bread and the fruit of the vine to his disciples. As all leaven was removed from the Jewish homes during the Passover feast, the bread was unleavened. The fruit of the vine was the juice of the grape.