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Lesson 240: The Tenth Plague And The Passover

Updated: May 27

Ex. 3; 4:1-22, 27-31


Full Lesson HERE



INTRODUCTION. Although enduring nine plagues upon the land of Egypt and its people,

Pharaoh continued to harden his heart. He refused to listen to Moses and Aaron and told them to come to him no more, for the day they saw his face they would die (Ex. 10:27-29).


Moses then announced to Pharaoh that the Lord would bring one more plague upon

Pharaoh and Egypt. About midnight the Lord would go out into the midst of Egypt. All the firstborn in the land would die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh to the firstborn of his

servants and all the firstborn of animals. Nevertheless Pharaoh hardened his heart and

Moses left in anger.


In order to escape this plague, Moses instructed the Israelites to slay a lamb, dip a bunch of hyssop in the blood, and sprinkle the blood on the lintel and doorposts of their homes. The blood upon the lintel and doorposts would be a sign for the Lord to pass over those houses. Those inside would escape the destroyer as long as they remained in the houses until morning.


During the long night, the Israelites were to roast the slain lamb and eat it along with bitter herbs. In addition they were to remove any leaven from their homes and eat unleavened bread (the bread of haste) that night and for seven more days. They were to eat the prepared food with their loins girded (belt around their waist), their shoes on their feet, and their staff in their hand.


This night of feasting was called the Passover Feast, and the following seven days called the Feast of Unleavened Bread. The Israelites were commanded to observe these feasts each year as a memorial to the time when the Lord passed over their houses and slew the firstborn of the Egyptians.

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