Updated: Jul 26, 2020
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INTRODUCTION. After David and Jonathan made their second covenant, David
became a fugitive and outlaw, running from Saul for most of the remainder of Saul's
life. David first fled to Nob, a town in the territory of Benjamin called, "the city of the
priests" (I Sam. 22:19). There the priest Ahimelech gave him some provisions and
Goliath's sword, for David was unarmed and without any weapons (I Sam. 21:1-9).
David next went to Achish, the king of the Philistine city of Gath, but he was not welcome
there among the Philistines (I Sam. 21:10-15). He escaped then to the cave
of Adullam, a large cave in the lowlands of Judah. His father's family joined him
there as well as a fighting force of 400 men who were discontented, distressed, and
in debt. David removed his family to Moab for safety, then returned to Judah at the
advice of the prophet Gad (I Sam. 22:1-5).
Meanwhile an Edomite named Doeg informed Saul that the priest Ahimelech had